Maryland PTA

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About Maryland PTA

History of PTA
Why PTA?
What does PTA do?
What is the National PTA?
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History of the PTA

Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst founded an organization—a nationwide movement—in a time when social activism was scorned and women did not have the vote. They knew there is no stronger bond than that between mother and child. Therefore, they felt it was up to mothers of this country to eliminate the threats that endangered children. They called for action in 1897 and more than 2,000 people responded—many were mothers, but fathers, teachers, laborers, and legislators also responded—all with a commitment to children. From that first meeting in Washington DC, grew a groundswell of support. Problems were identified and strategies devised to resolve them.  Through consistent hard work, sometimes after years of perseverance, the dreams became reality: the creation of kindergarten classes, child labor laws, a public health service, hot lunch programs, a juvenile justice system, and mandatory immunization were accepted as national norms. Between 1897 and 1919, 37 state-level congresses were chartered to help carry out the work of the organization.


First meeting of National Congress of Mothers held February 17–19, Washington DC...200 expected; 2,000 attended...Speakers: educational and philanthropic leaders of the day... Founders Alice McLellan Birney and Phoebe Apperson Hearst elected president and first vice president respectively...Another vice president was Mrs. Adlai E. Stevenson (wife of U.S. vice president)...Mrs. Grover Cleveland gave reception at White House...First state congress, New York, organized.


Constitution and bylaws adopted...Papers read at convention advocated cooperation between mothers and teachers and sex education before puberty...Resolutions called for physical education in public schools and establishment of chairs of "paidology," or "science of the child," in universities and normal schools...President held a "Mothers' Congress" at the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition in Omaha.


Object of convention "to arouse in the fathers the interest already aroused in the mother"...Plan adopted for organizing "parent-teacher associations as schools for parents"...Resolutions included petitioning Congress for a National Health Bureau (14 years before creation of U.S. Public Health Service)...Extension of juvenile court and probation system adopted as Congress work...National Congress distributed letter from Pennsylvania Congress president to school superintendents asking for parent-teacher conferences...First local association under National Congress founded in Kansas City...Loan papers on child nurture prepared for mothers' circles and parent-teacher clubs; also booklists for mothers and children.



Charter signed and National Congress incorporated under laws of District of Columbia...Advisory Council established with Theodore Roosevelt as chairman (he served until 1919)...Plans made to publish The Quarterly Report, containing convention proceedings...Legislation suggested for protection of employed children.


Practical means of securing parent-teacher cooperation discussed at convention...Outlines of "duties of committees" on education and legislation adopted...National dues of 5 cents per capita authorized.


Mrs. Frederic Schoff elected president...Cooperation begun with public agencies interested in child welfare...Organizing local parent-teacher associations advocated as part of Congress work...Committee on child labor formed...Convention exhibit of model nursery said to be most complete ever assembled.


Committee on "delinquent, defective, and dependent children" formed...Needs of handicapped children studied...Resolution urged instruction for probation officers and others working with dependent and delinquent children.


Mothers' Congress Day at St. Louis Exposition; model playground shown...Resolutions advocated more adequate marriage, divorce, and child labor laws...Convention address, "The Nation's Boy Problem," by Judge Ben B. Lindsey...Booklets published on sex education and state laws on dependent, handicapped, and delinquent children.


Committee on juvenile court and probation work created, with Judge Lindsey as chairman...Education Committee recommended "cooperative associations of parents and teachers of high schools"...President Theodore Roosevelt granted National Congress president's request to endorse juvenile court and probation system in his message to U.S. Congress...Resolutions endorsed federal aid for kindergartens and elementary schools and recommended salary increase for teachers.


National convention, scheduled for Los Angeles, postponed because of San Francisco earthquake...National Congress of Mothers Magazine (forerunner of Our Children magazine) first issued...National president addressed Canadian parliament on juvenile court and probation work...Pure Food Bill, supported by National Congress, became law.


Department of Parent-Teacher Associations formed within National Congress in recognition of importance of parent-teacher cooperation...President reported to British parliament on juvenile courts in U.S.


Importance of parent-teacher partnership recognized in change of name to National Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations...National Convention included First International Congress on the Welfare of the Child; invitations from the National Congress of Mothers, sent by U.S. State Department, brought representatives from 12 countries on four continents; governors sent representatives; opening speech by President Theodore Roosevelt; formal reception at the White House...National Congress supported movement to combat TB.


Name of official publication became Child Welfare Magazine...Standing committee on child hygiene created and given support by advisory committee of nine physicians...Child labor committee to investigate child employment conditions in all states...Participation in the Conference on Dependent Children called by President Theodore Roosevelt, the first of the White House Conferences on Children.



President represented National Congress at Home Education Congress, Brussels...February 17 established as Founders Day...Resolutions endorsed instruction and care of mother before as well as after birth of the child, and advocated supervision of motion pictures and vaudeville by local organizations because of their influence on children and youth...Memberships: 20,103 in 20 state branches.


National convention included Second International Congress on the Welfare of the Child; recommended kindergarten be made part of the public school system; voted to work for "mothers' pension laws" in every state, child hygiene departments in every board of health, and a separate home education division in the U.S. Bureau (now Office) of Education.


PTAs sponsored hot lunch projects in many schools...Chinese women expressed appreciation for National Congress' moral support in efforts to abolish use of opium in China...U.S. Children's Bureau, long advocated by National Congress, established.


Federal recognition of parents and educators shown in establishment of Home Education Division of U.S. Bureau of Education (National Congress president a director until 1919, when division became purely governmental)...National Congress president headed joint committee of eight organizations, formed to discuss working together for child welfare...First conference with NEA Department of Superintendence (now American Association of School Administrators) opened door for organizing PTAs in many schools...Set of eight books relating to parents' problems published.


National convention included Third International Congress on the Welfare of the Child...Committee on child hygiene started campaign to arouse public interest in reducing infant mortality...Extension of teaching speech to deaf infants was the special concern of another committee.


Convention recommended schools provide practical education for motherhood and homemaking...Endowment Fund started with $1,000 gifts from four members...Free bulletins on baby care mailed from National Office upon request...Memberships: 59,852 in 33 state branches.


Convention urged automatic sprinklers in schools, in addition to fire escapes; reiterated statement that juvenile crime can be checked only through sympathetic, understanding treatment of erring child...Resolutions recommended wise, effective method of censoring moving pictures; urged local units to aid foreign-born mothers to learn English immediately on arrival in this country.


Opened service club for enlisted men in Philadelphia...Published 42-page pamphlet on National Congress achievements, Twenty Years' Work for Child Welfare...Added paid fieldworker to staff...Yearbook recommended the term "council" be used for groups of PTAs brought together for united effort...Memberships: 122,250, more than double 1915 figure.


Headquarters building purchased in Washington DC; used largely as United Service Club for Enlisted Men, cosponsored by the National Congress and D.C. 2War Camp Community Service, with recreational facilities, library, cafeteria, and dormitories...Smaller service clubs sponsored by PTAs in other cities.


Members urged to enroll in citizenship and government study classes because "before 1921 the suffrage amendment will be law"...Rehabilitation of servicemen a special concern...Promoted and attended White House Conference on Child Welfare Standards...The dual school system that existed in the South led to the founding of the Georgia Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers by Mrs. Henry Rutherford Butler...Mrs. Butler wrote to National PTA for information and literature on PTA work; response was immediate and liberal...To show its appreciation, Georgia Congress contributed 10 dollars annually to National PTA until the National Colored Congress was organized.



Mrs. Milton Higgins elected president; represented U.S. at Norway meeting of International Council of Women...Headquarters building sold, after closing of United Service Club for Enlisted Men; office rented in National Education Association (NEA) building, Washington DC; full-time office secretary employed...Convention resolutions backed bill for universal physical education in public schools and recommended every state establish schools for deaf children...National PTA Memberships: 189,282 in 37 state branches.

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School education committee created to keep organization informed on new movements in education and new opportunities for cooperation...First course in PTA work given at Columbia University during summer session...Plan adopted for organizing PTAs in South America...National vice president conferred on PTA with President and Mrs. Alvaro Obregon of Mexico.


Participated in Congress of Child Welfare, Mexico...Bylaws revised; oak tree chosen as official emblem...More attention to preschool child and high school students listed among policies for future action...First college-credit course on PTA given at Columbia by PTA national executive secretary...National PTA committee appointed to assist and strengthen PTAs already formed in connection with schools for African-American children in segregated states.


Mrs. A. H. Reeve elected president...Emphasis on "all-the-year-round parenthood, the things of the home brought back to the home, an educated membership, and interpreting the value of education to the American people"...Convention report on extension work in South America...National president reported that the NEA was asked to recognize "Parent Power: A School Auxiliary."


Adopted new name—National Congress of Parents and Teachers...Sponsored and financed program in North Dakota and Nebraska to show what concerted PTA effort could accomplish...Began crusade against illiteracy...Parent-teacher association organized in Brazil.


New name recorded and new charter issued...Inaugurated nationwide health project, Summer Round-Up of the Children...National PTA one of three groups on committee to promote adult education on nationwide scale—specific function, to promote reading groups for parent education, to foster use of library facilities among parents, and to encourage parents to take university extension and other courses...President attended International Child Welfare Conference, Geneva, Switzerland...National PTA Memberships: 875,240 in 48 state branches (increase of more than half a million since 1920).


Invited by World Federation of Education Associations (forerunner of World Confederation of Organizations of the Teaching Profession) to conduct section at subsequent international meetings...President attended organization meeting of Illiteracy Crusade; elected a director...Resolution urged action to eliminate smoking by minors...Schools of Instruction for PTAs published...First state branch off the mainland organized in Territory of Hawaii...Georgia Congress issued call to groups in various states to send delegates to sixth annual convention in Atlanta, Georgia, May 6–7, for purpose of forming a national organization of African-American parents and teachers...Four states—Alabama, Delaware, Florida, and Georgia—sent delegates and thus became charter members...Thirtieth annual convention of National PTA was also held in Atlanta early in May...Mrs. A. H. Reeve, National PTA president, helped set up a new organization, which followed closely the pattern of National PTA—calling itself the National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers and adopting the same Objects as National PTA...NCCPT was to function only in the District of Columbia and those states where separate schools for the races were maintained so that African-American children might have PTA service...National PTA committee with state counterparts appointed to assist African-American people in organizing PTAs...Leaflet describing NCCPT organization and its program prepared and distributed...National PTA answered NCCPT appeal for help in training leaders and in providing literature and speakers to assist and inspire newly organized groups...Mrs. Selena Sloan Butler, founder, first NCCPT president.


International Federation of Home and School organized; first president, the National PTA president; first activity, a world survey of PTA work with aid of International Bureau of Education (33 countries reported some form of parent-teacher cooperation)...National PTA President addressed 5th Pan American Congress on the Child, Havana, Cuba, as official representative of U.S. State Department...Board commended Cincinnati's equal pay for teachers with equivalent training and experience...First NCCPT annual convention, Nashville, Tennessee; constitution and bylaws adopted.


Mrs. S. M. N. Marrs elected National PTA president; attended conference on education, in Hawaii, called by President Coolidge...Parents and Teachers, National PTA's first textbook, published...PTA summer credit courses given at 17 institutions...National committee of child health specialists established to advise PTA on Summer Round-Up...Mrs. Butler appointed as member of President's National Conference on Child Health and Protection.


Seven cardinal principles of education adopted as basis of overall PTA program...Parent education program expanded through grant from Laura Spelman Rockefeller Foundation...A New Force in Education (proceedings of conference held under auspices of Teachers College, Columbia, and National PTA) published...County councils promoted because of isolation of many local associations...First National PTA correspondence course offered; registration: 255...NCCPT cooperated in Summer Round-Up of the Children and adopted seven cardinal objectives of education.

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Mrs. Hugh Bradford elected National PTA president; with 30 other representatives, attended White House Conference on Child Health and Protection, which drew up Children's Charter...Mrs. Butler was delegate to White House Conference on Child Health and Protection...Committee on illiteracy established...Joint Committee with NEA organized...Magazine began feature on "suggestions about mental hygiene aspects of child training"...National PTA Memberships: 1,481,105 in 49 state branches, including District of Columbia and Territory of Hawaii.


National Conference on Parent Education called by U.S. Commissioner of Education at suggestion and with cooperation of National PTA...National PTA convention program broadcast to nationwide radio audience; resolutions urged study of needs of exceptional children and reaffirmed belief in separate juvenile courts and detention homes...Mrs. M.W. Blocker elected National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers president... State congresses were urged to observe not only the birthday of NCCPT but also February 17, Founders Day of parent-teacher movement... Publication of Our National Family, official magazine of NCCPT, began...NCCPT urged that African-Americans in segregated schools be made assistant superintendents and members of boards of education and be given administrative authority so as to be able to protect the educational interest of all African-Americans in their communities...Five-hour school of instruction given to delegates of NCCPT convention by National PTA leaders.


Mrs. Bradford elected to second National PTA presidential term...PTAs urged to expand services so that children would not suffer during the Depression...84,925 children examined through Summer Round-Up...Magazine carried "All-Round Health Course" in nine lessons "for study groups, parent-teacher associations, and individual parents."


National PTA president participated in President Hoover's Citizens Conference on the Crisis in Education (among first attempts by teachers to inform the public of the needs of education)...Publication of National Congress Bulletin started...Resolution offered suggestions for meeting problem of boys and girls "taking to the road"...Special project in nutrition to provide printed information on food values...Some PTA meetings suspended because of school district bankruptcy and subsequent closing of schools.


Mrs. B. F. Langworthy elected National PTA president...Series of nation-wide radio broadcasts inaugurated, in cooperation with NBC and University of Chicago...Congress participated in Conference on Child Health Recovery called by U.S. Secretary of Labor...Commended by National Education Association for work to save schools during Depression...Child Welfare Magazine became National Parent-Teacher Magazine...Our Public Schools, detailing school problems, published.


Mrs. Essie Mack elected NCCPT president...Procedures for legislation activities adopted...National PTA president attended meetings of International Federation of Home and School and of World Federation of Education Associations, Oxford, England...Convention resolution supported academic freedom...Tribute paid in magazine to Jane Addams of Hull House, member of National PTA National Advisory Council... Program to increase NCCPT memberships (around 45,000 at this time) and to improve relationship between parents and teachers...To increase her efficiency as a leader, Mrs. Mack enrolled at Louisville Municipal College on a scholarship provided by NCCPT...National PTA Memberships: 1,727,603 in 49 state branches.


Traffic safety education project started with grant from Automotive Safety Foundation...Bylaws amendment grouped state congresses into eight regions, with a national vice-president to be elected from each...Radio forum conducted: 35 talks by specialists on such topics as "Heredity or Environment" and "Important Variations in Infants and Children."


Mrs. J. K. Pettengill elected National PTA president; represented Congress at meeting of World Federation of Education Associations in Japan; visited Hawaii Congress...Congress represented at Third Inter-American Conference, Mexico City.


National PTA selected as one of four sponsors of American Education Week...Represented on National Committee for Better Care for Mothers and Babies...Magazine article warned students against dangers of using "pep pills" to extend study time...Schools for Democracy published, expressing PTA philosophy on education for modern living.


Mrs. Mary Foster McDavid elected president of NCCPT...National PTA Office moved from Washington DC to Chicago...President attended World Congress on Education for Democracy, New York City...National PTA represented on National Anti-Syphilis Committee...PTAs cooperated in giving TB tests to high-school youth.

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Mrs. William Kletzer elected National PTA president...Congress represented on National Committee on Education and Defense...Participated in White House Conference on Children in a Democracy... National PTA administration theme, "The Child in His Community," based on White House Conference... National PTA historical data bound and placed in library at national office...Nevada Congress organized as 50th state branch. National PTA Memberships: 2,379,599.


Special committee on community school lunch appointed and school lunch program inaugurated on nationwide basis... Nine-point Permanent Platform adopted...National PTA president served as member of findings committee for Emergency Safety Conference called by U.S. President...More than 900,000 men members in a total of about 2.5 million...President proclaimed October as PTA Membership Month...1941 National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers convention theme, "The Place of the PTA in the Total National Defense Program"...NCCPT emphasized instruction for all leaders; programs for such training set up at convention meetings...National PTA arranged for NCCPT to purchase National PTA parent-teacher manuals and rural service leaflets at cost, and a financial grant was made for extension purposes and printing.


Mrs. Anna M. P. Strong elected NCCPT president...Birney Memorial dedicated, Marietta, Georgia...National Congress represented on Wartime Commission, U.S. Office of Education, and on Commission on Children in Wartime, U.S. Children's Bureau...National PTA president participated in nationwide radio broadcast from White House supporting National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis...National PTA promoted wartime activities among local units—enrollment of PTA members in nursing courses and cooperation in "Save the Fat" and other national salvage programs...Special wartime edition of National Congress Bulletin and a War Handbook published...PTA radio series, The Family in War, starring the Baxter family, became popular...Magazine started "Motion Picture Previews"...NCCPT now has 20 state branches (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia), a District of Columbia branch, and units in the U.S. Virgin Islands...NCCPT began to work more closely with U.S. Children's Bureau...Mrs. Strong first NCCPT president to address National PTA convention.


Mrs. William A. Hastings elected National PTA president...National convention canceled because of war...Board met for series of workshop conferences that clarified major problems of coming PTA year...PTA wartime activities, suggested and reported in National Parent-Teacher and National Congress Bulletin, included victory gardens and cooperation with High School Victory Corps...Special committee appointed to study juvenile delinquency.


"All Children Are Our Children" chosen as theme of national convention; Eleanor Roosevelt gave convention address...National PTA one of first groups to support establishing of an organization dedicated to ensuring international peace...Represented at White House Conference on Rural Education.


Mrs. W. M. Henry elected NCCPT president...National convention again canceled because of war...National PTA chosen as one of three educational associations to send representatives as consultants to U.S. State Department delegation at UN Conference on International Organization in San Francisco; president sent...National Board statement supported UN organization...National PTA cooperated with University of Iowa on first workshop on home-school cooperation...Cooperated with Northwestern University on three-day workshop on reading and language problems in postwar America...Workshops for NCCPT national officers held...North Carolina and Virginia NCCPT held workshops on juvenile justice...Interracial NCCPT committees sought to improve relations between the races...Scholarship made available for representative of NCCPT to attend National PTA summer workshop at University of Iowa...National PTA Memberships: 3,487,138 in 50 state branches.


Mrs. L.W. Hughes elected National PTA president...Announced Four-Point Program, to unite PTAs in efforts toward school education, health, world understanding, and parent and family life education...National PTA one of 60 voluntary organizations appointed to national commission to advise State Department on UNESCO...Represented at National Conference on Prevention and Control of Juvenile Delinquency called by Attorney General...Board adopted resolution recommending $2,400 a year as minimum beginning salary for teachers with college degrees and full professional training...National PTA aided clothing and food collections for United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)...With Northwestern University, sponsored three-week credit course on parent teacher leadership...Legislation for permanent federal school lunch program, long advocated by National PTA, enacted...Joint committee of National PTA and NCCPT formed.


Golden Jubilee year; Jubilee History, first history of National PTA, published...National PTA initiated three-year project at Northwestern University to train prospective and in-service teachers in effective home-school relations...Sponsored international education project: kits of personal and classroom supplies for teachers in war-devastated countries (nearly 3,000 kits shipped overseas, valued at over $75,000)...National PTA president appointed by State Department as member of U.S. National Commission for UNESCO.


Helped draft Local Public Health Services Act of 1948 (to extend health units to countries still without them) and sponsored its introduction in the U.S. Congress...Special committee drafted "A Plan Action Against Unwholesome Comics, Motion Pictures, and Radio Programs"...National PTA represented at White House meeting of U.S. Committee for International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF)...International education projects for PTAs: CARE packages and hospitality for exchange teachers...PTA was topic of research by 31 candidates for graduate degrees (four for Ph.D.s) during past 14 years...National PTA president attended 9th Pan American Child Congress, in Venezuela; visited PTAs in Canal Zone.


Mrs. John E. Hayes elected National PTA president; participated in national conference of Citizens Committee for the (first) Hoover Report on reorganizing the U.S. government—a report that led to the creation of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare...Mrs. J. S. Morgan elected NCCPT president; administration emphasis, "For Every Child an Equal Chance"...NCCPT national office established at Dover, Delaware...National PTA inaugurated expanded parent education program, with five parent education specialists conducting summer workshops in designated regions...Published Where Children Come First: A Study of the PTA Idea, by Harry and Bonaro Overstreet...Initiated "Quarters for Headquarters" to raise money for national headquarters building in Chicago...Participated in newly created CARE-UNESCO book project, sending books to teacher-training institutions overseas.

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Convention guests from six foreign countries...National PTA purchased site for national headquarters, Chicago...Active in Midcentury White House Conference on Children and Youth held... National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers (NCCPT) represented on steering committee and Mrs. Morgan served on president's committee for 1950 White House Conference on Children and Youth; NCCPT well-represented at this Midcentury Conference...Helped initiate CARE Children's Book Project, to which PTAs gave more than $29,000 during next 10 years...National PTA president went to Japan to work with national leaders representing 31,000 PTAs there...Parent education consultants again conducted five regional summer workshops...National PTA appointed special committee on group relations to replace and expand work of joint National PTA–NCCPT committee; new committee to deal with not only mutual problems but also questions of nationality, race, culture, and group relations of all sections of country...National PTA memberships: 6,167,079.


National convention studied findings on Midcentury White House Conference on Children and Youth; added tenth point, "World Outlook," to Permanent Platform...National PTA called conference on narcotics and drug addiction, with representatives from 25 other organizations attending ...Published leaflet, Everybody's Schools, for 31st observance of American Education Week...Was host to six persons from Japan studying PTA movement under sponsorship of U.S. Office of Education and as part of Far East Command Exchange of Persons Program...National PTA president attended meeting of World Organization of the Teaching Profession (WOTP), Valletta, Malta.


Mrs. Newton P. Leonard elected National PTA president; appointed member of U.S. President's Mutual Security Public Advisory Board to U.S. Senate; appointed chairman of Advisory Committee on Young Workers by Secretary of Labor...Nine-point program on improvement of public schools drafted by NEA–National PTA Joint Committee...International Conference on the Child in Home, School, and Community, Lansing, Michigan, sponsored jointly with Canadian Home and School and Parent-Teacher Federation...Board recommended PTAs work for fluoridation of community water supplies...National PTA president attended meeting of WOTP in Copenhagen, Denmark.


Mrs. Mayme Williams elected NCCPT president...Cornerstone laid for National PTA national headquarters building...National PTA cooperated with National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis and Red Cross in planning educational campaign for prevention of polio...National PTA president one of main speakers at U.S. Office of Education Conference on the Role of Foreign Languages in American Schools; attended meeting of World Confederation of Organizations of the Teaching Profession (WCOTP, successor to WOTP), Oxford, England.


National PTA national office moved to new headquarters, 700 North Rush Street, Chicago...National PTA promoted active participation in National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis field trial tests of vaccine to prevent polio...U.S. president signed fireworks bill, for which National PTA had worked...National PTA president invited to represent people of U.S. in project sponsored by U.S. Foreign Operations Administration to provide gifts of food for people in several foreign countries; attended WCOTP meeting, Oslo, Norway...Signals for Safety and Working with Youth Through the High School PTA published...U.S. Supreme Court handed down decisions regarding desegregation of public schools...National PTA and NCCPT, meeting together annually, recommended definite programs of cooperation.


Mrs. Rollin Brown elected National PTA president; attended WCOTP meeting, Istanbul, Turkey...National headquarters dedicated...National PTA, at request of U.S. Senate subcommittee, circulated questionnaire to state congresses on suggestions for UN Charter revision...Received citation from U.S. Secretary of State for working to make principles of UN Charter vital and real...President appointed to 34-member conference committee of White House Conference on Education; PTA members participated in preparatory conferences for White House Conference on Education...Convention resolution supported minimum beginning salary of $3,600 a year for teachers with full professional qualifications...NCCPT adopted resolution endorsing action of Supreme Court and encouraging appointment of intergroup committees on state and local levels...Mrs. Williams served on U.S. president's committee which planned White House Conference on Education...National PTA memberships: 9,409,282.


Goal of 10 million National PTA memberships reached...National PTA invited representatives from 20 organizations concerned with child health to help plan PTA program for continuous health supervision of children from birth through high school (extension of Summer Round-Up program)...President attended WCOTP meeting in Manila...State congresses reported almost $2,500,000 in scholarship awards to students and teachers...PTA Magazine celebrated its Golden Jubilee...Library services bill, long advocated by PTA, signed into law...Received award for "excellence in architecture" from American Institute of Architects and Chicago Association of Commerce and Industry.


Mrs. Albert R. Kight elected NCCPT president; administration themes, "Imperatives for Growth in the Home, School, and Community" and "Quality for PTA's Optimum Growth"...Awarded plaque by the National Foundation for "unprecedented participation in historic development of a preventive measure against paralytic polio and for outstanding volunteer leadership in achieving record acceptance of the Salk vaccine...60th birthday commemorative album of historical data presented to Library of Congress...National PTA invited representatives from health organizations to serve on advisory committee for continuous health supervision program...Published What PTA Members Should Know About Juvenile Delinquency...Alaska organized as 51st National PTA branch...National PTA president attended WCOTP meeting, Frankfurt.


Mrs. James C. Parker elected National PTA president; participated in U.S. government "people-to-people" mission in South America; appointed to overall committee for 1960 White House Conference on Children and Youth; attended WCOTP meeting, Rome...Special pamphlet, Looking In on Your School, published in response to U.S. President's assignment to PTAs to scrutinize school programs...PTAs worked effectively for passage of National Defense Education Act of 1958...European Congress of American Parents and Teachers organized as 52nd branch...Statement of principles adopted to replace permanent platform...General revision of national bylaws.


With American Social Health Association, cosponsored three-year, four-state Rocky Mountain Project in Family Life Education...Convention delegates voted unanimously to support U.S. postmaster general's plan for combating distribution of pornographic materials...Magazine started TV program evaluations...National PTA president attended WCOTP, Washington DC...International relations chairman, with 53 other U.S. representatives, made 10-day study tour of Radio Free Europe installations.

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First volunteer worker to be so honored, Mrs. Brown, immediate past National PTA president, was appointed chairman of President's National Committee for 1960 White House Conference on Children and Youth; National PTA leaders participated in this Golden Anniversary Conference...Mrs. Kight served as recorder and leader at the Golden Anniversary White House Conference on Children and Youth; National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers (NCCPT) officers, state presidents, and many youth attended White House Conference...Mrs. Kight became member of National Committee on Children and Youth...Ada M. Jarnigan Lay Leadership Adult Award ($200) established by NCCPT...National PTA represented at International Conference on the Family, New York City, sponsored by International Union of Family Organizations (IUFO) ...Cooperated with NEA in radio-TV series Parents Ask About School...Sponsored conference, Chicago, for state safety chairmen...Published Thinking Straight about Drinking, first in Highlight Series of articles selected from National Parent-Teacher: The PTA Magazine...School Bell Award to magazine for distinguished interpretation of education...President attended WCOTP, Amsterdam, Holland...Goal of a quarter million memberships realized for NCCPT coral anniversary; 40-year history of NCCPT published ...National PTA memberships: 11,926,552.


Mrs. Clifford N. Jenkins elected National PTA president...Mrs. Jerome Z. Morris elected NCCPT president; administration theme, "Balanced PTA Program, a Challenge"...NCCPT office moved from Dover, Delaware, to Atlanta...Assignments for the Sixties, recommendations selected for PTAs from findings of 1960 White House Conference, published...Safety filmstrip One To Grow On produced in cooperation with Automotive Safety Foundation...Mrs. Parker received award of merit from Secretary of Labor for work as chairman of Advisory Committee on Young Workers...PTA motion picture Where Children Come First prepared for general distribution...Pilot projects in continuous health supervision program carried on in three states...Magazine name changed to The PTA Magazine...National PTA became member of IUFO and was represented at meeting in Madrid... Also represented at WCOPT meeting, New Delhi...Liletta Morris Scholarship Fund plan was initiated by NCCPT.


Convention delegates adopted resolutions on education about Communism, reducing number of school dropouts, and action for better quality in motion pictures and their advertising...Mass Media and the PTA published...Information about common health problems added to regular features in The PTA Magazine...National PTA was host for Workshop of Educational Organizations, in Chicago...National PTA president served on planning committee for 50th anniversary observance of U.S. Children's Bureau and represented the National PTA in that observance; attended WCOTP meeting in Stockholm...PTA scholarships awarded by state congresses since start of program totaled nearly $6 million.


Convention resolutions scored mass media advertising of tobacco and tobacco use by minors and urged securing the highest advantages for every child...Keeping Children Healthy published as guide for PTA programs for continuous health supervision...First National PTA Magazine Week held to promote wider use of PTA's official magazine...National PTA president served on President's Committee on Youth Employment and on subcommittee to prepare ways of implementing recommendations of Committee's report; National PTA represented at meetings of IUFO and WCOTP in Rio de Janeiro...First $500 annual scholarship provided by NCCPT...National PTA presented National Life Membership to Mrs. Morris.


Mrs. Jennelle Moorhead elected National PTA president...Mrs. Minnie J. Hitch elected NCCPT president; emphasis given to "Aspiring for One World"...Convention resolutions urged educating youth on hazards of smoking, efforts to assure equal opportunity for all children, and strengthening programs to combat venereal disease...Story of the Rocky Mountain Project published...Pilot conference of "Judicial Concern for Children in Trouble," cosponsored with National Council of Juvenile Court Judges, Marianna, Florida...National PTA represented at meetings of IUFO, Munich, and WCOTP, Paris...Published Children's Emotional Health in cooperation with American Child Guidance Foundation; In All Good Faiths; and Highlight Series #5, The American Way: Safeguarding our Individual Rights and Liberties, which won The PTA Magazine its second School Bell Award...Name of National Congress Bulletin changed to National PTA Bulletin.


Books for Appalachia project sponsored at request of U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity; more than a million books shipped to mountain schools...Convention resolutions on the rights of citizens, financial support of the public schools, control of stimulant and depressant drugs, and moral responsibility of the mass media...Publication of leaflet Extremist Groups: A Clear and Present Danger to Freedom and Democracy received nationwide mass media coverage...National PTA president elected a vicepresident of IUFO; attended IUFO meeting, Rome, and WCOTP meeting, Addis Ababa; elected vicechairman of Conference of National Organizations...Second conference with juvenile court judges, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; third, Milwaukee, Wisconsin...National PTA again host for Workshop of Educational Organizations...Held pilot conference on safety, Seattle, Washington...Started pilot projects based on Children's Emotional Health in three state congresses...Published Highlight Series #6, The City School: Problems and Prospects, which won The PTA Magazine its third School Bell Award, and PTA Guide to What's Happening in Education...Cosponsored publication of Guide to a School Pedestrian Safety Program...National PTA memberships: 11,992,726.


Revision of bylaws adopted, including increase in National PTA dues from 5 cents per membership to 10 cents..."PTA" and "parent-teacher association" registered as service marks...PTA self-study initiated...Fourth conference with juvenile court judges, San Francisco; guidelines for comparable state conferences set up...National PTA president elected a member of executive committee of U.S. National Commission for UNESCO...Project on smoking and health launched, with support from U.S. Public Health Service...Published The Truth About the PTA and His First Cigarette May Be a Matter of Life or Death...Number of NCCPT state branches dropped to nine (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas) as schools became integrated...Representatives of National PTA and NCCPT met to discuss uniting the two organizations...Joint committees created to discuss intergroup relations...National PTA published The Hour Is Close at Hand: Unite in the PTA, suggesting how to achieve unity...National PTA president attended IUFO meeting in New Delhi, India; met with PTA leaders in India, Japan, the Philippines, and Taiwan...Standing committee on urban services established.


Mrs. Irvin E. Hendryson elected National PTA president....Mrs. Clara B. Gay elected NCCPT president....Council study project on UNESCO conducted, in cooperation with Department of Classroom Teachers And National Education Association...Published Guidelines for Planning a Conference on "Judicial Concern for Children in Trouble," in cooperation with National Juvenile Court Foundation with aid from Sears-Roebuck Foundation; also For Your Listening-Viewing Pleasure; Guidelines for PTA Mental Health Chairmen; The PTA Works for Children—in Your Community, in Your State, Throughout the Nation...National PTA president and other National Board members participated in 20th-anniversary meeting, IUFO, Quebec...Second national conference on smoking and health, Chicago, Illinois...Held two-day conference on improving home-school relations in low-income areas, with support from U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity..."First national round" of interviews completed in PTA self-study (interviews of 500 selected local PTAs a 1 percent sampling of the PTA as a whole) interpretation of findings begun....Mrs. Hitch elected chairman of Citizenship Committee of the National PTA.


Bylaws amendments adopted, changing length of term of national officers and national chairmen to two years...New action program, "Growing Up in Modern America: A Plan of Action for Parent-Teacher Citizens," adopted...Safety workshops, financed by grants from Automotive Safety Foundation, held in Region VI, Region I...National conference on "Judicial Concern for Children in Trouble," cosponsored by National PTA and National Juvenile Court Foundation, with a grant from Sears-Roebuck Foundation, held in Chicago...First regional conference on smoking and health held in Seattle...Nationwide project on Children's Emotional Health launched; professional advisory council formed; regional conferences held in Seattle, Pasadena, Minneapolis, Dallas, and Washington DC...Put an S in Your PTA and Films and Filmstrips for PTA Projects and Programs published; color filmstrip, What the PTA Is All About, produced...National PTA president attended WCOTP meeting, Dublin, and IUFO meeting, Vienna.


Mrs. Leon S. Price elected National PTA president...Bylaws amendments adopted, changing grouping of national officers for purposes of election...Standing committee on human relations established...National PTA president appointed as nonvoting commissioner to Education Commission for the States....Membership on U.S. National Commission for UNESCO continued...Safety workshop, financed by grant from Automotive Safety Foundation, held in Region III...Second regional conference on smoking and health held in Denver; third, Atlanta; fourth, Arlington, Virginia...60-second television spot on smoking and health produced...Published Telling the PTA Story; The Poor, the School, and the PTA; The PTA Is for You: The Cultural Arts and the PTA; Information Guide: National PTA Project on Children's Emotional Health...Cosponsored publication of Civil Defense: A Vital Concern to PTA; Burn Proof: Save a Life Today ...National PTA president attended WCOTP meeting, Abidjan, Ivory Coast, and IUFO meeting, Paris...PTA self-study completed....NCCPT scholarship program discontinued; had awarded $7,400; five State PTAs had also awarded $2,550....Mrs. Gay appointed as adviser to National PTA Board of Managers and National PTA president as adviser to NCCPT Board of Managers....Ms. Gay received National Life Membership from National PTA.

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National PTA and National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers united to serve all children and youth, at National Congress of Colored Parents and Teachers (NCCPT) convention in Atlanta...New Action Program, "Quality Living and Quality Learning for All Americans" launched...First week in October proclaimed by U.S. president as National PTA Week...National PTA participated in seventh decennial White House Conference on Children... Ms. Clara Gay, former NCCPT president, elected to National PTA Board of Managers....Mrs. Tessie Oliver Nixon, former NCCPT leader, joined National PTA field staff....NCCPT Life Members became Life Members of National PTA....National PTA and National Juvenile Court Foundation cosponsored pilot conference in Cleveland, Ohio, on "Volunteer Programs in the Juvenile Courts"...At a meeting in Scottsdale, Arizona, National PTA launched Project RISE (Reading Improvement Services Everywhere), focusing on reading readiness and reading ability in early childhood...President appointed as first chairman of Corporation for Public Broadcasting's Advisory Committee of National Organizations...President one of six American women invited by French government to tour France...Three filmstrips prepared: Your Parliamentary Partner: Mr. Main Motion; Who Says You Can't? and Leadership: A State of Mind...President attended WCOTP meeting in Sydney, Australia.


Mrs. John M. Mallory elected president...Convention adopted resolutions on maintaining free public school system and supporting Corporation for Public Broadcasting...Bylaws amendments enabled reorganization of Board of Managers' 28 standing committees into 5 commissions: Education; Conservation of Human Resources; Individual Development; Leadership Training; and Membership, Organization Extension, and Program Services, with each commission to include one young person between ages 15 and 20...Convention delegates revised wording of fourth PTA Object, replacing "training" with "education"...National PTA, with funds from U.S. Public Health Service, sponsored two conferences on "Family Dilemmas—Smoking and Drugs"...Joint National PTA—NJCF conference held in Boston to train juvenile court volunteers, funded by Law Enforcement Assistance Administration and Sears-Roebuck Foundation...Project RISE brochure and bookmark prepared...Board of Managers adopted statement on community school program...National PTA president and leaders of other educational organizations conferred with President Nixon and federal officials at White House on matters of education...National PTA president attended White House Conference on Youth, held in Estes Park, Colorado...Region III human relations workshop, held in Atlanta, was first phase of new National PTA project financed under provisions of Elementary School Assistance Program...National PTA reaffirmed its support of United Nations...State PTA presidents and legislation chairmen invited to National PTA Legislation Conference, held in Washington DC...National PTA represented at International Union of Family Organizations meeting in Madrid, Spain, and WCOTP meeting in Kingston, Jamaica.


Action Program continued under new title, Values for Responsible Freedom, with new Foreword...Convention resolutions of integrated education and school transportation, programming for environmental quality, nonprescription drug abuse, human relations, and community school program...Delegates amended PTA's basic policy on working with the schools to say that PTAs "shall seek to participate in the decision-making process establishing school policy"...PTA honored with an 8-cent commemorative postage stamp to celebrate the 75th anniversary of its founding...Three "Volunteer Programs in the Juvenile Courts" conferences held in Jackson (Mississippi), San Francisco, and Chicago, cosponsored by National PTA and National Foundation and funded by Law Enforcement Assistance Administration...National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism provided funds to National PTA to launch an innovative education/information program...Changes made in names of National PTA commissions; names now to read: Education, Health and Welfare, Individual Development, Leadership Development, and Membership and Organizational Services...Project RISE materials prepared: booklet, Home Start on Reading: Tips for Parents of Preschool Children; filmstrip, One Child in Four: The Story of Project RISE, prepared in cooperation with National School Public Relations Association...Annual honorary memberships created, to be given to persons, firms, or institutions that make a financial contribution to National PTA...National president attended WCOTP meeting in London and IUFO meeting in Ottawa, Canada.


Mrs. Lillie E. Herndon elected president...Convention adopted resolutions on control of VD, mental health programs, obscene and pornographic materials, alcohol education, public TV programming...NCCPT historical documents added to National PTA archives; also NCCPT check for $2,000 turned over to Endowment Fund...Handbook for Volunteers in Juvenile Court published jointly by National PTA and National Council of Juvenile Court Judges.


New action program, "Every Child Needs You" launched...Convention delegates voted to increase national portion of members' dues from 10 cents annually to 20 cents (effective April 1, 1975)...Board of Managers voted to discontinue The PTA Magazine with November issue...National PTA, with grant from Sears, Roebuck and Co., held conference to set up 5 pilot projects on school absenteeism...National PTA and March of Dimes cosponsored "Parenting—A PTA Priority" conferences in several regions...National PTA president was member of U.S. education delegation sent on study visit to U.S.S.R. by U.S. Office of Education and Department of State; also attended Intergovernmental Conference on Teacher Policies, in Paris, sponsored by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development...18 state PTAs awarded alcohol education grants, financed by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).


Mrs. Walter G. Kimmel elected president; administration theme, "The Today PTA--The Year of the Local Unit"...Convention delegates approved National PTA support of legislation to restrict manufacture of handguns and to ban the manufacture and sale of "Saturday Night Special"...National PTA Bulletin replaced by PTA Today...National PTA awarded contract from U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW) to stimulate development of new approaches to health education...Second conference on school absenteeism received reports of five pilot projects and proposed guidelines for reducing absenteeism...National PTA received citation from Center for Disease Control for promotion of Immunization Action Month and award from March of Dimes for cooperation in sponsoring series of parenting conferences...Grant to National PTA from NIAAA provided funds for alcohol education programs in 30 states.


Six state PTAs received grants from National PTA's comprehensive school/community health education project funded by HEW...National PTA alcohol education project funded by HEW...National PTA alcohol education project developed 8 model prevention programs...Brochure and filmstrip, Where Have All the Students Gone? reported on findings of National PTA–Sears school absenteeism study...National PTA received grants from U.S. Office of Education to prepare and disseminate information on career education and on collective bargaining in education...National PTA initiated nationwide project to combat violence on television...Regional parenting conferences, cosponsored by National PTA and March of Dimes, continued; pamphlet, The Fine Art of Parenting, published...National PTA joined HEW campaign to immunize all children against communicable diseases...The School Board and the PTA, Partners in Education published.


Grace Baisinger elected president; administration theme, "The PTA Speaks Out—A Place for Everyone in PTA"...National PTA opened Office of Governmental Relations in Washington DC...National PTA project on TV violence compiled testimony from PTA hearings in 8 cities, established PTA TV Action Center, trained PTA members to monitor TV programs, and published first TV Program Review Guide...Brochure and filmstrip on career education prepared with aid of grant from U.S. Office of Education...Pilot projects underway in 6 states as part of comprehensive school/community health education project...Today's Family in Focus, packet of 8 parent education pamphlets, published and distributed to PTAs, financed by PTA and Sears, Roebuck, and Co....Convention substituted "place of worship" for "church" in first PTA Object...National PTA president and California PTA president visited People's Republic of China as part of delegation of American educators and PTA leaders, sponsored by Japan–U.S. Friendship Commission with Japanese Ministry of Education; first vice-president and three other National Board members visited Japan.


National PTA helped to form National Coalition to Save Public Education, to fight tuition tax credit legislation; National PTA president served as chairman; coalition succeeded in defeating tuition tax credits in 95th Congress...Parenting resource kit, How to Help Children Become Better Parents, developed as outgrowth of PTA-MOD parenting conferences...Urban Education Project established; held first of series of public hearings...National PTA participated in project to assist federal government in forming family policy...The Role of Collective Bargaining in Public Education and checklist on collective bargaining published...National conference on comprehensive health education held to report 6 state pilot projects...National PTA alcohol education project published materials developed in state projects...TV Center began development of school curriculum in viewing skills...National PTA participated in Schoolhouse Energy Efficiency Demonstration (SEED) Project, sponsored by Tenneco, Inc....National PTA Task Force on Nutrition created, to work with USDA on upgrading school lunch programs...Four National PTA Board members participated in educational exchange visit to Japan, and National PTA hosted Japanese educators and PTA leaders who visited Chicago.


Virginia Sparling elected president; administration theme, "The PTA Moves Forward"...Eight state PTAs selected to conduct demonstration projects to promote health education; projects made possible by contract from HEW...White paper, The Testing Maze, published and distributed to PTAs...Urban Education Project held five public hearings and a youth forum...Participants in National PTA Legislative Conference attended White House briefing and reception; the first National PTA "President's Award for Distinguished Service to Public Education" presented to Senator Ernest F. Hollings (SC)...National PTA's Curriculum Review Committee of National Science Foundation Project prepared report on parental involvement with curriculum at local level...National PTA received grant from U.S. Department of Agriculture for a nutrition education project...National PTA's projects for International Year of the Child included impact of media on children, urban education, and a student/youth health education forum...Third year of Japan–U.S. education exchange visits; selection of U.S. delegation based on proposals made by state delegations of National PTA, Council of Chief State School Officers, and National Association of State Boards of Education; state groups from Alabama, Delaware, Illinois, and Nevada visited Japan, and Japanese delegation was again hosted at National PTA Office.

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Convention delegates voted to increase national portion of dues from 20 cents per member to 50 cents, effective September 1, 1981... Comprehensive School/Community Health Education Project held five showcase conferences, plus four Student Health Education Forums (SHEFs); developed training modules for state PTAs...Food and Nutrition Projects carried on in 20 states, with funds provided by U.S. Department of Agriculture; final report in November PTA Today...National PTA published and distributed four reports on Urban Education Project...National PTA's first Awards for Outstanding Family Programming presented to producers of TV shows rated by PTA as top ten...Workshops to train leaders for parent seminars on human sexuality, funded by March of Dimes, held at regional conferences; 24 states participated...Task force appointed to develop project on discipline...National PTA participated in fourth year of Japan—U.S. educational exchange visits; state groups from California, Kansas, North Carolina, and Wisconsin visited Japan...National PTA reelected to membership on U.S. National Commission for UNESCO; president elected to executive committee.


Mary Ann Leveridge elected president; administration theme, "Parents and Teachers Working Together—Still the Best Aid to Education"...National PTA formed TV Review Panel, to review TV programs on request of producers and to determine whether a particular program merits recommendation from PTA...Children and Television: What Parents Can Do published in cooperation with Boys Town...National PTA sponsored Family Reading Week, November 15–21; was one of four sponsors of National Symposium on "Reading and Successful Living: The Family-School Partnership"...Grants given to eight state PTAs to conduct action programs that address the "discipline problem" in nation's schools...Workshops help to train state PTA/MOD teams to develop parent seminar programs on "Helping Parents to Deal with Adolescent Sexuality"...Oak-tree symbol with "PTA" on it adopted as official logo of National PTA...National PTA opposed tuition tax credit legislation and federal budget cuts in school lunch and child nutrition programs...What's Happening in Washington, published several times a year, sent to all local units, councils, and districts...Five-year education exchange program between Japan and U.S. completed; PTA leaders from Georgia, Michigan, New Jersey, and Utah visited Japan.


National PTA observed 85th birthday with celebration at convention, banners on Chicago's Michigan Avenue, local PTA programs...First Lady Nancy Reagan addressed National PTA Legislative Conference in Washington DC; spoke about White House drug awareness program and national drug policy...Eight TV viewing skills workshops held in various parts of country...TV Review Panel gave its first recommendation of a series to Wild Kingdom...National PTA Safety Belt-Child Restraint Project inaugurated in cooperation with National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; grants given to 15 PTA educational projects; image of E.T. (the Extra-Terrestrial) with safety belt and admonition to "Get Home Safely" published in PTA Today and as a poster...PTA/MOD workshops trained leaders in 7 new states to conduct parent seminars, making a total of 38 states having workshops thus far...First March of Dimes National Award for Parenting Education presented to Union Junior High PTA in Tulsa, Oklahoma...Report prepared on eight state PTA discipline projects...President Reagan signed proclamation designating October 1982 as National PTA Membership Month; country rock group Alabama selected as national honorary membership chairmen for 1982–84...Nationwide petition drive launched in support of public education and in opposition to all tuition tax credit proposals...Looking In on Your School: A Workshop for Improving Public Education published.


Elaine Stienkemeyer elected president; administration theme, "The National PTA: Advocates for Children"...National PTA membership for 1982–1983 increased 1.3 percent, to 5,359,521...National PTA participated in observance of National Children and Television Week (March);...National PTA President's Award for Distinguished Service to Public Education presented to Representative Carl D. Perkins during 1983 Legislative Conference...National PTA and state PTA leaders invited to contribute to congressional dialogue on excellence in education sparked by report of National Commission on Excellence in Education; National PTA president appointed member of House of Representatives' Education and Labor Committee's Merit Pay Task Force; many National Board members attended National Conference on Excellence in Education held in Indianapolis in December...National PTA (with six other national organizations) participated in launching National Coalition for Prevention of Drug and Alcohol Abuse...Quarter million students participated in Reflections Program; National PTA inaugurated traveling exhibit of Reflections winners...National PTA launched Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention Project; mobilized local PTAs to view PBS TV documentary The Chemical People and to participate in town meetings on combating drug and alcohol abuse among youth...National PTA and the Deans of Education in State Universities and Land Grant Colleges cosponsored a conference on "The Improving Quality of Public Education"...National PTA and MOD conducted four regional Parent Seminar meetings...For second year, NAESP and National PTA helped subsidize attendance of state PTA presidents at NAESP convention...Legislative grants as well as field service grants included in National PTA budget...National PTA president appointed member of National Education Advisory Committee, Statue of Liberty–Ellis Island Centennial Commission...The National PTA Guide to Extremism, Extremists, Extremists Groups and PTA Pocket Pal No. 2: Programs published; also Single Parents and Their Families published in cooperation with NAESP and Boys Town Center...U.S. President Ronald Reagan addressed convention delegates; Board approved distribution to convention delegates of National PTA position statement in support of public education...Convention adopted resolutions on computer technology; libraries, public schools, and censorship; child fingerprinting identification; removing children and youth from adult jails and lockups; strengthening support of public school teachers.


Membership rose (1.3 percent) for second year in row, after nearly 20 years of decline, to more than 5.4 million members...Phyllis George Brown named national honorary membership chairman for 1984–1985...National PTA instituted Teacher Appreciation Week in May...National PTA initiated Looking In on Your School pilot projects to increase parent participation in schools; awarded grants to Salt Lake City, Utah, and Chanute, Kansas, councils...Bruce Weitz, of TV series Hill Street Blues, named honorary chairman for National PTA Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention Project; grants awarded to 36 PTA councils for projects on prevention of drug and alcohol abuse; National PTA, in cooperation with Wisconsin Clearinghouse, published Young Children and Drugs: What Parents Can Do...National PTA, with grant from William Randolph Hearst Foundation, presented first Phoebe Apperson Hearst Outstanding Educator of the Year award to Leonard L. Diggs, instrumental music teacher, O'Connell Junior High School, Lakewood, Colorado...20 councils received grants for 1984-1985 school year to conduct local safety belt and child restraint projects...Grants awarded to 16 state PTAs to help them administer parent seminar programs...Approximately 300,000 students and 48 state PTAs participated in Reflections Program; Reflections scholarship program inaugurated...Booklet, Parents, Children, and TV, prepared by National PTA and Highlights for Children, published; other new publications included PTA Pocket Pal #3: Leadership, Funding PTA Projects, Leader's Guide to National PTA Programs, and Help Wanted: PTA Room Representatives...Speakers at convention included First Lady Nancy Reagan, who spoke briefly on drug abuse, and John Walsh, consultant to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children...Convention delegates adopted resolutions on child care facilities for latchkey children; sexual assault prevention education; alcoholic beverages in TV programming; rating system for records, tapes and cassettes; nuclear education.


Ann P. Kahn elected president...National PTA proclaimed March 3-9 to be National PTA Drug and Alcohol Awareness Week; received grant from Chevron U.S.A., Inc., to produce and distribute planning kits to PTAs...National PTA sent packet of information on child abuse to local units, councils, and districts, including PTA Leader's Guide, Child Abuse and Child Sexual Assault: What Your PTA Can Do...National PTA made available free kits to help PTAs observe Teacher Appreciation Week, May 5-11...National PTA joined several dozen other organizations in petition drive of Project SMART (Stop Marketing Alcohol on Radio and Television) to collect one million signatures to present to U.S. President and Congress.


Establishes annual Child Safety and Protection Month...Launches Big City Project to increase parent involvement in urban areas.


Manya Ungar elected president...Begins multiyear AIDS Education Project in cooperation with Centers for Disease Control.


Initiates Teen Drinking and Impaired Driving Program.


Ann T. Lynch elected president...Develops free Math Matters kits for elementary, junior high, and middle school PTAs...Publishes National PTA Talks to Parents: How to Get the Best Education for Your Child...PTA Today Magazine receives Educational Press Association of America's awards for the Best Theme Issue and the Best Feature Article of the Year...PTA receives $1 million grant from GTE Foundation to address the issue of drug and alcohol prevention ...Center for Disease Control grant renewed; PTA leads the nation in preparing materials for parents on the latest social concern—AIDS...National Convention held in Atlanta, Georgia.


In spite of our accomplishments, there was still more work to be done. In many ways, our challenges resembled those confronting

the first National Congress of Mothers. Our population was growing and becoming increasingly diverse. Opportunity abounded for those with the education and training to take advantage of it, but for those with few skills the gap grew greater than ever. Education reform was the debate of the day, and the halls of the United States Congress echoed with conflicting solutions to fix what ails the system. National PTA was there to guarantee that the parent's voice didn't get lost in the clamor.

Our triumph in 1994 was the enactment of the Goals 2000: Educate America legislation that, among many reforms, called for local school districts to make parents equal partners on issues affecting their children's education. In support of the National Education Goals, National PTA released its National Standards for Parent/Family Involvement Programs in 1997. By 1999, National PTA launched a major training program to educate members and the public about the benefits of parent involvement, the components of effective programs, and how to implement the standards.

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Launches the Common Sense drug prevention program...National PTA president is named to President Bush's Education Policy Advisory Council...Provided leadership in writing the resolution and coordinating activities for National Children's Day with Representative Joseph P. Kennedy II and Senator Mark Hatfield.


Pat Henry elected president...First PTA Week is enacted by Congress...National PTA and GTE Foundation launches comprehensive program to help parents prevent the use of alcohol and other drugs by their children...National PTA sponsors Earth Week...In cooperation with JCPenney, 750,000 copies of the Busy Parent's Guide to Involvement in Education are distributed...Long-range plan adopted...First PTA/Newsweek survey published... Membership exceeds 7 million; Pacific Congress of American Parents, Teachers, and Students joins as 53rd congress.


Convenes national parent involvement summit; 28 education or child-centered organizations develop a consensus mission statement on child involvement...PTA and the American Academy of Pediatrics hold the Children First Conference for Media to discuss children's health issues ... Helps draft the National Education Goal for Parent Participation Act...PTA releases In Someone Else's Shoes...A Guide to Inclusiveness video and leader's guide and Opening Doors to Communicating with Your Teenager video and leader's guide...Second PTA/Newsweek survey published...With PTA support, Family and Medical Leave Act becomes law.


Kathryn Whitfill elected president...PTA sponsors first Leadership/Legislative Advocacy Program to help members become effective child advocates on legislative issues...Leadership Skills Manual produced to be used in PTA's Train the Trainer workshops...Third PTA/Newsweek survey published...PTA and Good Housekeeping magazine agree to develop joint projects...National headquarters moves to new Chicago location...Issues more than a dozen Leadership Development Grants to fund state PTA parent involvement programs.


Taking Charge of Your TV critical viewing workshops for parents are launched nationwide...Safeguarding Your Children violence prevention program is initiated...Be Cool. Follow the Rules. school bus safety program wins national award for excellence...Resource guide for developing early childhood PTAs is released...Receives American School Health Association (ASHA) Grant to continue National PTA’s efforts in HIV/AIDS education and leadership training.


Joan Dykstra elected president…Reflections Arts in Education Program celebrates 25th anniversary; more than 10 million students have participated in the program since its inception….Safeguarding Your Children violence-prevention project is launched…Partnership with the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE) established to promote training educators in parent involvement…Continuity for Success project with the National Head Start Association launched through three pilot sites to encourage continued parent involvement as children make the transition from preschool into public elementary schools…Receives Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) grant to establish environmental education program…Revised Parent Plus, a comprehensive program for parent involvement education, as well as leader's and teacher's guides to parent and family involvement…Launches Children First online forum on the Microsoft Network.


National PTA returns to its birthplace in Washington DC to celebrate its 100th Annual Convention and a century of commitment to children…Launches an award-winning site on the World Wide Web ( and links the national headquarters and state offices…Releases El Nido de la Familia (The Family Nest), a Spanish-language video program about parent involvement…Releases Ebony/National PTA Guide to Student Excellence video program and guidebook designed for African-American parents to help their children to develop greater academic readiness, self-esteem, and ethnic pride…Conducted a survey on "what do parents want in a TV Ratings System?"…Rallies on the steps of the U.S. Capitol, calling on legislators to put their words into action and support those measures that protect our children and promote their welfare.


National PTA celebrates 100th anniversary with Washington DC gala...National Standards for Developing and Evaluating Effective Parent Involvement Programs are published and released by National PTA...Tipper Gore is a keynote speaker at National PTA’s Legislative Conference...National PTA succeeds in getting content information included in TV ratings system...Lois Jean White is inaugurated as the first African-American president of National PTA...Lois Jean White embarks on national media tour and receives significant national press coverage.


Lois Jean White continues media tour appearing on several national television talk shows…Lois Jean White is guest speaker at Council of Great City Schools annual conference…PTA urban initiative program launched in New York, Boston,  and Philadelphia…Partnership to develop a "Examing Education Today" tele-conference series launched…President Bill Clinton appoints Lois Jean White to Advisory Committee on Public Interest Obligations of Digital Broadcasters…Vice President Al Gore is keynote speaker at National PTA's Legislative Conference…Lois Jean White featured in the book Women of Courage ll…National PTA produces violence prevention handbook…U.S. Virgin Islands become 54th PTA congress…Launch "Common Sense" drug prevention project website.


National PTA and the Partnership for Family Involvement in Education develop and distribute a national Teacher Preparation Kit to support family involvement in education…National PTA awarded $20,000 grant to create online photo archive and searchable database…Parent Involvement checklist translated into Vietnamese, Cambodian, Korean, Chinese, and Spanish and posted on National PTA website…Interactive Earth Week web page offered by National PTA…National PTA debuts "Violence, Kids, Crisis: What You Can Do" on website and in Our Children magazine…Bill Cosby keynote National PTA convention speaker…National PTA hosts "town hall" meeting on school violence at convention and surveys members on prevention measures…Ginny Markell inaugurated as National PTA president…Ginny Markell testifies at Senate hearing on effective public schools and education readiness for 21st century…Ginny Markell testifies before House panel on school vouchers…Ginny Markell attends National Education Summit…National PTA launches Building Successful Partnerships, a program for developing strong school-community ties, and works on writing a book.

PTA entered the new millennium with renewed energy to supply the critical link between parents and educators, government, and the legal system. National security, No Child Left Behind, and the digital divide became important issues. So, too, did children’s health and safety reassert themselves as national concerns. PTA responded by creating new resources to encourage safe communities, anti-bullying measures, and healthy lifestyles at home and at school. As a means to galvanize all PTAs, a new tagline was adopted in 2001—everychild. onevoice.—to encapsulate the power and legacy of PTA. While our PTA community has grown and changed, one thing remains constant—caring members continue to make a difference every day.

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PTA publishes Building Successful Partnerships: A Guide to Parent and Family Involvement Programs and begins nationwide Building Successful Partnership training program…for a third year, PTA consults with Satellite Educational Resources Consortium to develop and present two teleconferences on the challenges of parent involvement and working with school administrators and teachers…key components of the PTA-initiated Parental Accountability, Recruitment, and Education (PARENT) Act are incorporated into the U.S. Senate bill to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act…PTA comments on Children’s Programming Obligations for Digital Television Broadcasters, adopted by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)…Tipper Gore, wife of U.S. Vice President Al Gore, and U.S. Secretary of Education Richard Riley speak at PTA’s annual convention…PTA becomes proud cosponsor of Fatherhood Initiative’s National Summit on Fatherhood…PTA participates in and supports America Goes Back to School, Read Across America, Take Charge of Your TV Week, and Earth Week 2000…PTA participates in U.S. Department of Education teleconference Reaching Out to Spanish-Speaking Families: Ensuring Educational Success.


Within 24 hours of the airplane attacks on New York City and Washington, DC on September 11 (9/11), PTA launches the Helping Children Cope with Tragedy website…publishes The Resiliency of the Human Spirit: Helping Families, Communities, and the Nation Heal…establishes Wreath of Remembrance Day to honor victims and families of 9/11…Congress reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (renamed No Child Left Behind Act) and includes PTA’s definition of parent involvement, as well as provisions for parent participation…publishes Respecting Differences Resource Guide in consultation with the Anti-Defamation League and the ASPIRA Association…introduces How to Help Your Child Succeed interactive workshops…Shirley Igo of Plainview, TX, is inaugurated as president…PTA partners with the Kaiser Family Foundation to create resources in English and Spanish to help parents talk with their children and teens about sex…names Chapel Lakes Elementary PTA in Lee’s Summit, MO, the Outstanding Unit for Parent/Family Involvement; selects Patrick Crowe of James Lewis Elementary School in Blue Springs, MO, as Phoebe Apperson Hearst Outstanding Educator of the Year…unveils new logo and tagline “everychild. onevoice.” as a unifying symbol and recognizable means to identify PTA’s mission…launches national public service announcement campaign to promote PTA.


PTA cosponsors Partners for Student Success Summit with the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education…launches Parent Involvement Schools of Excellence Certification program…initiates leader-mentor training and national outreach program in Spanish-speaking communities…creates radio and print ads proclaiming “cadaniño. unavoz.” in Hispanic markets across country…unveils e-learning initiative and online training courses for PTA members…PTA news release opposing school vouchers picked up by Good Morning America, ABC World News Tonight, and 20/20…PTA brings 200 leaders to Washington, DC, for a legislative conference and visits to Capitol Hill…awards U.S. Reps. Charles Rangel (D-NY) and Nancy Johnson (R-CT) the PTA President’s Award for Outstanding Child Advocacy…receives $234,000 grant from Charles Stewart Mott Foundation for advocating for school-based, after-school programs…coproduces PBS program and companion guide Empowering Children in the Aftermath of Hate… names Redwood Middle School PTSA in Thousand Oaks, CA, as the first recipient of the Phoebe Apperson Hearst-National PTA Excellence in Education Partnership Award…charters national PTA unit to welcome membership and support from nontraditional sources.


PTA launches Five Cents Makes Sense for Education campaign…applauds parent involvement provisions in No Child Left Behind Act, but expresses concern about law’s strong emphasis on testing as primary tool for assessing school performance…announces 392 schools of excellence in first year of PTA Parent Involvement School of Excellence Certification program…celebrates 3,000 parent involvement workshops presented through Building Successful Partnerships program…inaugurates Linda Hodge of Colchester, CT, as president…receives $50,000 grant to produce resources for parents on the importance of educating children about HIV/AIDS…collaborates with National Education Association to develop guides on parent involvement, supplemental services for children, and helping children in math, science, and reading…lobbies for mandatory funding for the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and No Child Left Behind Act…continues unequivocal opposition to school voucher programs… produces Discussing Hate and Violence with Children with the Anti-Defamation League…introduces Doors Open After School observance to raise awareness of the importance of school-based, after-school programs…passes national resolution on “The Importance of Physical Education in Our Schools”…names Ensley Elementary School in Pensacola, FL, as Phoebe Apperson Hearst-National PTA Excellence in Education Partnership Award winner…launches multi-year public service announcement campaign with The Ad Council to encourage parents to “Know More. Do More.”


Launches new PTA Fundraising Essentials magazine for all PTAs and U.S. school principals...supports Child Nutrition and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Reauthorization Act and advocates for protection of students’ and parents’ rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act… releases Navigating the Children’s Media Landscape guide with Cable in the Classroom…conducts nationwide survey to capture information on father involvement in education…partners with the National Crime Prevention Council on Be Safe and Sound campaign… releases findings of national public opinion poll on education funding and receives bipartisan support on polling results…launches Healthy Schools Campaign to reauthorize Qualified Zone Academy Bond program for school renovations and repairs…as a member of the Education and Library Networks Coalition, successfully lobbies FCC to continue E-rate funds distribution and money to connect schools and libraries to the Internet…awards Sens. Charles Hagel (R-NE) and Tom Harken (D-IA) the PTA President’s Outstanding Child Advocacy award…supports Office of National Drug Control Policy’s National Youth Anti-Drug media campaign… revises and reprints National Standards for Parent/Family Involvement Programs: An Implementation Guide for School Communities…celebrates 20th anniversary of PTA Teacher Appreciation Week…announces businesswoman and former model Kathy Ireland as first-ever National PTA Ambassador for Youth…passes national resolutions on “After School Programs” and “Nutritional Eating Requirements in Our Schools to Combat Childhood Obesity”…names Washington Drive Primary School PTA of Centerport, NY, as Phoebe Apperson Hearst-National PTA Excellence in Education Partnership Award winner…launches parent involvement website entirely in Spanish…receives $60 million in advertising placement support for its “Know More. Do More.” public service announcement campaign.


Develops Adopt-A-PTA program and delivers needed school supplies to disaster-stricken areas affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita…awards $89,230 in disaster relief grants to PTAs and schools in six states affected by hurricanes…hosts congressional briefing on successes and challenges of implementing No Child Left Behind Act…based on national survey results collected in 2004, launches effort to get more men involved in PTA…joins Internet Keep Safe Coalition to teach children rules for staying safe online…supports Music Education Coalition’s initiative to help strengthen music programs in schools…inaugurates Anna Weselak of Lombard, IL, as president…works with National Cable Television Association to provide 100 Cable in the Classroom “Control Your TV” workshops nationwide…selects Target Corporation as first recipient of PTA’s Commitment to America’s Children Award…hosts first annual Walk for Healthy Kids at its national convention in Columbus, OH, and hosts U.S. Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings as a speaker…publishes Healthy Lifestyles at Home and School notebook…jointly hosts “Back-to-School: Child and Adolescent Health” media briefing with the American Medical Association in New York City…targets new series of electronic newsletters to parents and PTA leaders—The PTA Parent, PTA Local Leader News, and PTA Partnerships in Leadership…becomes The Ad Council’s top public service announcement campaign…passes national resolutions on “Bullying,” “High School Graduation, College Preparation, and Access,” and “Teacher Quality”…names Kingston Elementary School PTA in Virginia Beach, VA, as Phoebe Apperson Hearst-National PTA Excellence in Education Partnership Award winner.


Launches Take Your Family to School Week in February to strengthen parent-school partnerships… teams with Cartoon Network to launch Rescuing Recess campaign and supports inaugural National Recess Week…supports Child Nutrition Promotion and School Lunch Protection Act…joins National Geographic coalition’s campaign to boost geographic literacy…hosts second annual Walk for Healthy Kids at national convention in Phoenix, AZ…names NASCAR driver Carl Edwards as a PTA Ambassador for Children and Youth…partners with Common Sense Media and Fox Interactive media on Internet safety campaign…hosts national Back to School Media briefing in New York City and releases new research on online/social networking activity of children and parent pressures to raise “superkids”…joins Action for Healthy Kids in leading the Campaign for School Wellness to assist schools with federal requirement to have wellness policies in place …celebrates 100th anniversary of Our Children magazine…adopts national resolutions on “Recognition and Care of School-Age Children with Diabetes,” “School Health Councils,” and “School Trust Lands and Funds”…names Haldane Central School PTA of Cold Spring, NY, as Phoebe Apperson Hearst-National PTA Excellence in Education Partnership Award winner…honors Sprint with PTA Commitment to America’s Children Award…launches first-ever Start the Art Week with Americans for the Arts…attends White House conference on school safety in response to school shootings in Colorado, Wisconsin, and Pennsylvania…hosts first Emerging Minority Leadership Conference…launches nationwide video game ratings education campaign with the Entertainment Software Rating Board.


Reflections art displayed in the U.S. Department of Education building in Washington, D.C.…in February, kicks off first-ever PTA Advocacy Week, February 19–23; launches PTA Grassroots Advocacy Toolkit online.

Reprinted with permission from "Our History," National PTA Website,

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